While critics say New York State has too many local governments, a promising cost-saving reform may be creation of still more local entities — regional cooperatives similar to the BOCES organizations that serve school districts — the Rockefeller Institute’s deputy director, Robert B. Ward, suggests. This article appeared in the Winter 2007 edition of the New York State Bar Association’s Government, Law and Policy Journal
New York's local governments are among the most heavily "layered" in the nation. Unlike most states, New York is characterized by at least two general-purpose local governments in every region except New York City.
Donald J. Boyd, a report prepared for the New York State Commission on Local Government Efficiency and Competitiveness, March 2008
A Public Policy Forum with Lloyd Constantine, Senior Advisor to the Governor. November 5, 2007
Presents data for 1992, 1998, 2003, and 2004 on state and local government expenditures in major programs designed for children or in which children are the main beneficiaries. The report finds that state and local governments spent $467 billion of their own-source funds on major programs for children in fiscal year 2004. About 9 out of 10 of all dollars spent on children went to K-12 education. The remaining funds supported health programs and a category of expenditures encompassing a variety of nonhealth, noneducation programs (including TANF/AFDC, foster child and other child welfare services, child care, and child support enforcement). The research has been supported by the Annie E. Casey Foundation.
Patricia Billen, Donald Boyd, Lucy Dadayan, and Thomas Gais, October 2007
New York State Government: Second Edition
A new edition of the definitive guide to New York State government, looking at the agenda and challenges facing New York policymakers in the years ahead. With five new chapters, the book also examines the issue of the upstate economy, New York‘s complex array of local governments, and the role of debt and public authorities.
Robert B. Ward, The Rockefeller Institute Press, 2006
Order from SUNY Press Curriculum [PDF]
Regionalism and Realism: A Study of Government in the New York Metropolitan Area
Drawing on the history of state and local government in the New York Tri-State metropolitan region, the authors present a pathbreaking new theory about the values reformers must understand and balance in order to tackle the hard challenges of reforming and regionalizing local governance in the complex, dynamic world of American politics and public policy.
Gerald Benjamin and Richard Nathan, Brookings Institution Press, 2001
Order from The Brookings Institution Press
While many government officials and business and civic leaders have been showing interest in local government consolidation and cooperation, efforts to create new jurisdictions have also been underway. The Local Government Restructuring Project was organized to provide practical advice to state and local policymakers and to help them and the public think through the implications of these values for New York's local government structure. This booklet summarizes the activities and outcomes of the project.
Victor J. Riley, Jr., Chair, Robert D. McEvoy, Richard P. Nathan, and Frank J. Mauro, 1992